Courses

ESM 201Ecology of Managed Ecosystems  [4 units]  Tilman
Principles of individual ecology, population ecology, community ecology, and ecosystem ecology. Emphasis on applications (conservation, resource management, ecological effects of pollution and habitat fragmentation, etc.).

Waiver Policy
Prerequisites: None

ESM 202Environmental Biogeochemistry  [4 units] Melack & Keller
Biogeochemical processes as applied to the Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, land, and inland waters, and applications to environmental issues such as eutrophication, toxic pollution, carbon sequestration, and acidification.

Waiver Policy
Prerequisites: Introductory Chemistry. ESM 203 is strongly recommended.

ESM 203 - Earth System Science  [4 units]  Dozier & Dunne
Interactions among the atmosphere, oceans, and land and models of Earth’s climate and hydrology. Application of knowledge about the Earth System in environmental management and policy.

Waiver Policy
Prerequisites: Geography 3 or equivalent
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ESM 204Economics of Environmental Management  [4 units] Costello
Environmental regulation (incentives, command, and control), asymmetric information (cost revelation and auditing), regulatory incidence, dynamics and discounting, exhaustible and renewable resources, valuation, environmental macroeconomics, trade and the environment, and comparative regulatory analysis.

Waiver Policy
Prerequisites: ESM 251 or equivalent.
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ESM 206Statistics & Data Analysis for Environmental Science & Management  [4 units] Horst
Develop skills and conceptual framework to effectively use data to solve practical problems. Topics include descriptive statistics, hypothesis testing, experimental design, exploratory data analysis, probability and uncertainty, time series analysis, and spatial stats. Emphasis of case studies from environmental problems.

Prerequisites: Math 3ABC or equivalent.
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ESM 207 - Environmental Law and Policy  [4 units]  Salzman
Basic elements of the legal system as it specifically relates to environmental issues. Study of the different stages and different institutions involved in environmental policy making.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 210 - Business and the Environment  [4 units]  Potoski
Introduces students to business objectives and structure and discusses new business models and tools that incorporate principles of environmental management and corporate performance. It highlights corporate strategies that deliver value to shareholders while responding to environmental concerns.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 211 - Applied Population Ecology  [4 units] Mills
Examination of the application of population ecology to conservation of rare species and management of harvested populations. Topics include populations regulation, population viability analysis, fisheries management, metapopulation dynamics, and populations monitoring.

Prerequisites: ESM 201 and ESM 206
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ESM 212 - Biological Community Survey & Analysis  [4 units]  Davis
Design and execution of field sampling campaigns to characterize, map, and inventory plant and animal communities. Includes review of basic sampling theory, measurements for terrestrial vegetation, vertebrate and invertebrate survey methods, multivariate analysis of community data, vegetation and species habitat mapping and modeling.

Prerequisites: ESM 201
Normally offered every other year.
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ESM 213 - Ecotoxicology  [4 units]  Means
Ecotoxicology will examine the biochemistry and biology of the responses of organisms in ecosystems to the presence of substances in the environment that can cause adverse effects upon the organisms. The course will also present case studies from recent literature.

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ESM 214 - Biological Waste Treatment  [4 units]  Holden
Concepts and approaches to correct and alleviate the effects of environmental pollution using biological processes. Biochemical, ecological, and physiochemical aspects of remediation and mitigation. Assessing and monitoring applicability/efficacy of biological treatment. Natural and engineered methods for adversely affected biological resources. 

Prerequisites: (None)
Normally offered every other year. 
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ESM 215 - Landscape Ecology  [4 units] 
This course will explore emergent patterns in landscape structure (physical, biological, and cultural) and linkages to ecological processes. The role of ecosystem pattern, for both landscapes and seascapes, will be explored via mass and energy transfers, disturbance regimes, species’ persistence, applications of remote sensing, and GIS for landscape characterization and modeling.

Prerequisites: ESM 201
Normally offered every other year.
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ESM 219 - Microbial Processes in the Environment  [4 units]  Holden
Microbes are the most abundant organisms on earth and are responsible for most biogeochemical cycling. Who and where are they, what do they do, and how? This course provides an integrated understanding applicable to managing the environment and natural resources.

Prerequisites: ESM 202 or equivalent
Normally offered every other year.
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ESM 222 - Fate and Transport of Pollutants in the Environment  [4 units]  Keller
Transport and biogeochemical transformation of pollutants in the environment. Review of pollutant properties and media characteristics that affect transport, accumulation, and degradation of pollutants. Basic tools for managing pollutants in the environment, including prevention, detection, and remediation.

Prerequisites: ESM 202
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ESM 223 - Management of Soil and Groundwater Quality  [4 units]  Brown
Focuses on protection and remediation of contaminated soil, vadose zone and groundwater, including site and basin characterization, planning, and methods for corrective action.  Discussion includes the determination of groundwater quality objectives based on risk assessment, technology development and testing, and cost evaluation of management strategies.

Prerequisites: ESM 202, 203, and 222, or instructor permission; groundwater hydrology strongly recommended.
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ESM 223L - Laboratory in Management of Soil and Groundwater Quality  [1 unit]  Keller
A hands-on approach to learning how to sample and treat contaminated soil and groundwater. The series of lab modules cover soil and groundwater unit treatment processes. Students are presented with state-of-the-art technologies for dealing with water contamination. [Note: lab is only 1-1.5 hr/week, within a 4 hour window.]

Prerequisites: ESM 222 and ESM 223 or concurrent enrollment in ESM 223
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ESM 224Sustainable Watershed Quality Management  [4 units]  Keller
Integrates environmental science & management to address sustainable watershed management. Learn the elements of a watershed management plan and become familiar with the planning process that takes into consideration various issues and concerns and provides concrete actions to address them. Addresses both water quantity and quality issues in a comprehensive approach.

Prerequisites: ESM 202 & 203. Strongly recommended: ESM 222 and 234 or 235.
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ESM 225 - Water Policy  [4 units]  Wilkinson
Explores key water policy issues in the context of science, technology, and the practical management of water systems. If focuses on the nexus of science, economics, law, and social and political factors play in the policy process.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 226 - Groundwater Management [4 units] Brown
Examines the principles and tools for groundwater management and stewardship of groundwater resources in the US and includes examples drawn from global groundwater management challenges.

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ESM 229 - Economics & Policy of Climate Change  [4 units] Meng
This course will explore the economic impacts of climate change, design of optimal climate mitigation policies, and existing constraints on implementation of such policies. Emphasis on developing intuition on climate policy issues and familiarity with relevant analytical and statistical tools.

Prerequisites: ESM 204
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ESM 230 - Strategic Planning for Non-Profit Ventures   [4 units]  Cotter (Chan)
This course is about strategic planning issues unique to non-profits. Provides an entrepreneurial perspective for charitable organizations, non-government organizations, social ventures and not-for-profit organizations. Topics include stakeholder analysis, the mission statement, strategic objectives and goals, board development, fiscal management and fundraising.

Prerequisites:(None)
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ESM 232 - Environmental Modeling  [4 units] Dozier
Introduction to the development, evaluation, interpretation, and presentation of models as applied to environmental problems. Course will consist of theory and many practical examples building and interpreting models using computers. No previous computer experience required.

Prerequisites: Math 3ABC or equivalent
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ESM 233  - River Restoration  [2 units]  Dunne
Review of hydrologic, geomorphic, and engineering principles used in restoration of rivers, floodplains, and riparian zones for safety, land management, and ecosystem improvement. The course involves lectures and the analysis and reporting of general principles and case studies.

Prerequisites: ESM 203
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ESM 234  - River Systems  [4 units]  Dunne
Hydrologic and geomorphic basis of environmental management problems concerning large river systems. Analysis of the processes of flooding, sedimentation, and morphological change in channels, floodplains, deltas, and alluvial fans. Effects of climate, land use and engineering.

Prerequisites: ESM 203
Normally offered every other year. 
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ESM 235  - Watershed Analysis  [4 units] Dunne
Hydrologic and geomorphic basis of environmental management problems concerning land surfaces and channels in small drainage basins, particularly the effects of land use and engineered alteration to stream channels. Emphasis placed in the integrated application of both theory and field methods to analyze existing conditions, evaluate the potential effectiveness of alternative solutions, and understand the limitations imposed by intrinsic watershed conditions and other human constraints. Implications for in-stream biota and water quality are acknowledged but not emphasized in this course.

Prerequisites: ESM 203
Normally offered every other year
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ESM 236 - The Mountain Snowpack  [3 units]  Dozier
Intensive field, laboratory, and classroom study of physical processes in the mountain snowpack. Snow accumulation and ablation, metamorphism, physical and chemical properties, and remote sensing. Role of snow in watershed hydrology, water resources, and recreation.

Prerequisites: ESM 203, intermediate skiing ability and consent of instructor.
Normally offered every other year over spring break. 
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ESM 237  - Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation  [4 units]  Tague
Global climate change may dramatically alter water resources and the ecosystems that depend upon them. This course will provide an overview of research on current and projected future hydro-ecological impacts of a changing climate at local to global scales.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 238  - Climate Change Agreements and Politics  [4 units]  Clemencon
The seminar will provide students with a basic introduction to climate change politics and policy, combining an international relations and comparative politics approach. It will trace the evolution of the complex international climate change agreement signed by countries in 1992 (UNFCCC) and discuss the difficult collective action problem related to agreeing on a comprehensive global climate agreement by December 2015. Political, technical and methodological questions will be covered, related to defining binding “common but differentiated responsibilities” (UNFCCC) between rich and poor countries, emissions trading (EU Emissions Trading System, CDM, REDD+, California ABS32), emission inventory reporting and verification, and international climate financing for developing countries for adaptation and mitigation. The second part of the course will explore national climate and energy policy approaches of key countries, with an objective to learn lessons from experiences with different public policy instruments and emission reduction projects. A look at sub-national and voluntary private sector and NGO initiatives on energy and climate will be included.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 239  -  Advanced Climate Change Science for Policy Makers  [4 units]  Lea
This course will examine the science of climate change with a focus on those issues most relevant to policy makers. Professor Lea will draw on his experience serving as science advisor to the Special Envoy on Climate Change in the U.S. Department of State. Topics include: Climate Forcing Agents and their Efficacy; Climate Sensitivity and Feedbacks; Anthropogenic Climate Change; Extreme Events; Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions; Global Temperature Limits and Mitigation Scenarios; and Geoengineering. Discussion will focus on topical issues at the nexus of climate policy and science, such as mitigation of short-lived climate pollutants like black carbon.

Prerequisites: ESM 203
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ESM 240  - Climate Change Biology  [2 units]  Hannah
Biological changes in response to climate, their causes, emerging conservation responses and policy implications.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 241 - Environmental Politics and Policy  [2 units]  Anderson
The politics of environmental policy-making from agenda formation to the stages of implementation, assessment, and reforms. Emphasis on national and state level policy-making in the U.S. coupled with a consideration of interactions across levels of social organization and comparisons across socio-political systems.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 242 - Natural Resource Economics and Policy  [4 units] Plantinga
Economic principles and policy issues in the use of exhaustible and renewable resources including fossil fuels, water, minerals, fisheries, forests, and biodiversity. Management of resource markets on a regional or international scale.

Prerequisites: ESM 204
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ESM 243 - Environmental Policy Analysis  [4 units]  Anderson
Developing and analyzing environmental policies involves balancing social, political, and economic considerations. Course covers this process, including problem identification, formation of alternative policy response, and methods of analyzing and selecting the most appropriate policy response, and effective communications of results to clients/policymakers.

Prerequisites: ESM 204 & ESM 241
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ESM 244 - Advanced Data Analysis  [4 units] Horst
Learn to use specialized data analysis techniques commonly employed in ESM. Topics include: environmental monitoring, incorporating methods for censored data and for time series; spatial data interpolation and prediction; and multi-criteria decision analysis.

Prerequisites: ESM 206A&B or equivalent
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ESM 245 - Cost-Benefit Analysis and Non-market Valuation  [4 units] Libecap 
Economic theory of environmental policy, with special emphasis on the role of cost-benefit analysis. Techniques for estimating economic values for non-market environmental resources. Case studies involving ecosystem protection, pollution control, and other topics to illustrate the necessary analytical tools.

Prerequisites: ESM 204
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ESM 248 - Environmental Institutions  [4 units]  Buntaine
Comparative study of management systems or regimes addressing natural resources and environmental concerns and operating at scales ranging from local to global. Topics include characterization of individual regimes and factors affecting the formation, evolution, and effectiveness of these institutional arrangements.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 249 - Environmental Persuasion  [2 units] Potoski
An introduction to the practice of environmental communications in professional settings. Topics include environmental psychology, message framing, persuasion, and decision making, with a focus on public media and communication. Focuses on how to design and implement public media communication programs to be effective for particular audiences, goals and circumstances. 

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 251 - Economics and Environmental Policy Analysis  [2 units] Plantinga
Design and evaluation of public policies for addressing environmental problems. Theory of environmental policy that arises from the study of markets, market failure, and economic efficiency as well as the broader scope of analysis that accounts for distributional concerns, sustainability, impact analysis, cost effectiveness, and multi-criteria analysis.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 254 - Coastal Marine Ecosystem Processes  [4 units] Lenihan
Examination of physical, chemical and geological processes in coastal ecosystems, including estuaries, that are influenced by human activities. Focus centers on dynamical processes that control biological communities and resources, and the relationship of the science to marine resource management and policy.

Prerequisites: ESM 201 & 203; 202 (may be concurrent)
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ESM 256A - Introduction to Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation  [2 units]  Cotter (Chan)
Introduction to entrepreneurship for students interested in launching a new product or service that offers an environmental and/or social benefit. Provides an entrepreneurial perspective and overview of the venture creation process. Emphasis on idea generation, opportunity recognition and initial concept development.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 256B -  New Venture Opportunity Analysis   [4 units] Cotter (Chan)
Development of the analytical and conceptual skills required to assess the feasibility of a new venture opportunity. Topics include industry analysis, concept development, market definition, customer discovery, elements of a business model and competitive analysis.

Prerequisites: ESM 256A or instructor permission
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ESM 257 - Coastal Marine Policy & Management   [4 units] Hastings
Conceptual approaches and analytical tools used in marine ecosystem management, marine biodiversity protection, and integrative watershed planning. Review of relevant international, federal and state marine policies and programs.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 260  - Applied Marine Ecology  [4 units]  Lenihan
The application of ecological science to environmental problem-solving in marine ecosystems. Emphasis on marine ecological theories, processes, and methods necessary to distinguish the ecological impacts caused by human activities from those caused by natural disturbance and other processes. Students focus on the presentation, interpretation, and analysis of data, read primary scientific literature and a few key textbook chapters, produce a grant proposal, and present their grant ideas orally. There are no exams in this course.

Prerequisites: ESM 201  
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ESM 261 - Management of Scientific Data  [4 units]  Frew
Theory, techniques, and tools for managing heterogeneous scientific information, database architectures, and data models. Metadata standards and data characterization. Design and use of relational databases. Aspects of the science data life cycle: collection, storage, retrieval, analysis, and presentation.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 263 - Geographic Information Systems  [4 units] Best
Advanced introduction to GIS theory and technology, emphasizing spatial analysis and cartographic presentation. Typical algorithms and data structures. Role of GIS in environmental information management. Integration of GIS with other analytical tools.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 264  - Web Mapping/Publishing   [2 units]  Frew
Tools and techniques for publishing, accessing, and manipulating environmental information on the World Wide Web, including: web services; scientific and geographic markup languages; virtual globes; distributed geographic information systems; open-source tools; geographic mash-ups.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 266 - Remote Sensing of the Environment  [4 units]  Dozier
Advanced introduction to remote sensing theory, technology, and applications in Environmental Science & Management. Survey of principles and analytical methods throughout the electromagnetic spectrum. Integration of remote sensing with other tools.

Prerequisites: ESM 203
Normally offered every other year.
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ESM 269 - Survey Design and Environmental Public Opinion  [2 units] DeGolia
Issues of survey design, including sampling, questionnaire design, data collection and data processing. Students will design and field an original survey, analyze the survey data and report the results.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 270 - Conservation Planning & Priority Setting  [4 units] Halpern
Analytical approaches that can be used to direct energy and resources toward conservation that yields the greatest return on investment. Case studies of how government agencies, international multilateral institutions and non-governmental agencies identify where to invest their conservation efforts.

Prerequisites: ESM 201
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ESM 270P - Conservation Planning Practicum  [4 units] Halpern
In depth development and analysis of a specific conservation plan, from start (goal setting) to finish (spatially explicit recommendations). Practical application of theory and tools from ESM270. If appropriate, MESM Group Project locations can be used as the case study.  

Prerequisites: ESM 263 and ESM 270
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ESM 271  - Carbon Footprints & Carbon Accounting   [2 units]  Suh
Using the BSI’s PAS 2050, the WRI’s GHG Protocols, and the ISO14067, basic skills and knowledge necessary to establish corporate carbon accounts and to calculate carbon footprints will be covered.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 272 - Energy and Resource Productivity  [4 units]  Suh
Options for improving energy and resources productivity are evaluated from technology, economics, and policy point of view. Energy, housing, transportation and agro-food sectors will be elaborated, and energy-resource nexus will be discussed. 4 units

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 273 - Life Cycle Assessment  [4 units]  Geyer & Suh
Advanced introduction to life cycle assessment (LCA) tools and practice. Students will conduct an LCA according to ISO 14040/44 (2006) using professional LCA software. Goal and scope definition, parametric life cycle inventory modeling, impact assessment, sensitivity analysis, reporting.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 275  - Principles and Practice of Environmental Planning  [4 units] Jacobson
Principles, techniques, and emerging trends in environmental planning at the local, regional, and state government levels. City and county “general plans” and their potential to address a wide range of environmental issues, climate action plans, healthy community planning, natural hazards and resiliency planning, planning and environmental impact assessment.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 279 - Financial Management and Environmental Accounting  [4 units] Edwards
Corporate financial management and reporting and environmental accounting. Function of stock markets, discounted cash flows, investment appraisal and decisions, valuation of bonds and stocks, the capital structure decision, the accounting model, management and control of enterprises, financial reporting and financial statement analysis.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 280 - Organizations and Environmental Leadership  [4 units] Jostes
Individuals play an important role in leading organizations toward environmental sustainability and implementing cross-sector initiatives. Getting results in today's complex world requires collectively influencing peers, managers and executives at a variety of organizational levels to bridge the gap between the values they hold and the conditions they face. Course participants learn about their own behaviors and build skills to more effectively influence environmental decision making within groups, organizations, networks and society. The course explores, theory, practice and skill-building.

Prerequisites: (None)

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ESM 281 - Corporate Environmental Management  [4 units] Kelly & Glassman
Prepares students to use creatively conceptual tools and management strategies to improve the environmental performance of firms. Corporate, societal, and political barriers to implementing these innovative strategies will be analyzed and methods for overcoming these constraints discussed.

Prerequisites: ESM 210
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ESM 282 - Pollution Prevention  [4 units] Geyer 
An alternative to pollution control or remediation is to prevent it in the first place. This can be achieved through increased efficiency, material and technology substitution, and reuse and recycling. This course introduces pollution prevention through theory building and case studies. It also teaches and applies pertinent concepts and tools from industrial ecology.  

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 283 - Environmental Negotiation  [4 units]  Jostes
For 2017, the curriculum for environmental negotiation has been substantially revised to focus on the tools and behaviors necessary to deal with polarized politics and the vaporization of trust within and between communities - in politics and in a not-so-civil society in general. This course will equip Bren students with the skills necessary to identify and apply joint fact-finding strategies, engage in collaborative problem solving and negotiate effective environmental regulations and policy. It will offer alternative and more durable approaches to traditional win-lose negotiating tactics, competitive bargaining, and dealing with an angry public when negotiating for sustainable solutions over time. It will differentiate “deal making” from negotiating for joint gains. New case studies will reflect the challenges of dealing with differences and win/lose thinking at the local, regional and sub-national levels of society. Whether they focus on climate smart development, sea level rise or marine reserves, these new negotiation games will push students to think differently about what they bring to the negotiating table and hone the skills necessary for building a better future in times where trust is a disappearing resource.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 285 - Environmental Markets  [4 units]  Libecap
Environmental and resource problems are due to incomplete property rights. Defining rights and using environmental markets can be an alternative to regulation.  Emphasis on when this might be the case and analysis of markets in fisheries, water, land use, and emissions.

Prerequisites: ESM 251 recommended
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ESM 288 - Energy, Technology and the Environment  [4 units]  Kuczenski
Covers the main physical principles of energy conversion and the environmental impacts related to it. Also explores the balance between resource availability and demand, and the relationship between energy use and technology.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 293  - Advanced Special Topics in Climate and Energy  [1-4 units]
Advanced topics in climate and energy.

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ESM 293-1W - The Role of Science in Policy [2 units] Krebs
Politicians often say that they want ‘evidence based policy’ and seek the advice of scientific experts. In this course we will explore, through case studies, what actually happens. Do politicians ignore the expert advice when the truth is inconvenient? Are we now living in a ‘post truth’ society in which experts are no longer trusted and respected? Do scientists disagree in their assessment of the evidence? Is the evidence so ambiguous that it can be interpreted in different ways to suit politicians? Does scientific advice win out in the end? What is the role of public opinion and public engagement with the science?

Introductory lectures will begin to explore some of these topics. In subsequent sessions students will work in groups to prepare presentations on case studies or particular themes, based on suggested reading material and any additional sources that students are able to find. Possible topics for case studies will include: food production, land use and climate change, renewable energy, obesity, diet and health, regulation of tobacco and alcohol, safety of genetically engineered crops, environmental contaminants and health, and contested scientific evidence. Students may propose their own topics for discussion. We will also use role-play to explore the reality of providing expert advice to policy makers.

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ESM 293-2W  - Advanced Special Topics in Climate and Energy  [2 units] Foley
Advanced topics in climate and energy.

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ESM 294 - Advanced Special Topics in Environmental Law  [1-4 units]
Advanced, special topics in environmental law. May be repeated for credit with changes in content.
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ESM 294-1F - Environmental Law in Practice  [2 units] Salzman
This course features a series of in-depth presentations and the opportunity to engage in discussion with leading environmental lawyers. Students write short response papers on the topics presented in lectures.  

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 294-2F - Land Use Law  [2 units] Daniels
U.S. land use regulations, dating back over a century, are shaped and constrained by complex land use law and planning. Land use law often determines, for example, the fate of open space for recreation or wildlife habitat, terms of conservation easements, magnitude of urban runoff and air pollution, and possible adaptation strategies to climate change. This course on land use law will (1) introduce key concepts such as zoning, regional planning, constitutional takings, and environmental laws with land use dimensions, and (2) help students develop practical and analytical skills to meaningfully participate in land use decisions as a non-lawyers.
Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 294-1W - Energy Regulation Law  [2 units] Spence
This course will examine the complex and overlapping legal regimes that govern the electricity sector, and how those regimes influence (inhibit or encourage) the greening of the electric generation mix. Students will come away from this class with a working understanding of how public utility regulation interacts with environmental law to complicate the efforts of states, NGOs and federal agencies to green the electric generation mix.

Prerequisites: (None)

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ESM 296 - Advanced Special Topics in Environmental Management  [1-4 units]
Advanced, special topics in environmental management. May be repeated for credit with changes in content.top

ESM 296-1F - Advanced GIS  [2 units] Frew
Five intensive lab sessions focused on advanced GIS tools and techniques, such as: programming ArcGIS with Python; geoprocessing with GDAL/OGR; desktop GIS with QGIS; managing and analyzing geospatial data with PostGIS; publishing geospatial data with web services; visualizing geospatial data with web clients.

Prerequisites: ESM 263 or instructor permission
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ESM 296-2F - Sustainable Water Markets Workshop [2 units] Wilkinson
Water markets have emerged as an important policy tool for efficiently allocating and distributing water resources in the context of climate change, demographic changes, and increased demand for water supplies. In this seminar course, Bren faculty associated with the Sustainable Water Markets Fellowship Program will guide students in discussions of relevant readings and case studies that highlight the role of water markets in U.S. water policy, and their potential for improving water quality, maintaining in-stream flows.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 296-3F - LAFF Intensive - Systems Thinking [2] units Hsueh
This specialized intensive course explores the art and science of systems thinking, and how the discipline can be used to inform strategies for environmental problem solving. Students become familiar with fundamentals from systems science, applied tools (such as causal loop diagramming), and have opportunities to apply systems thinking to gain valuable perspective in their own projects and initiatives. The intensive course is structured around interactive group activities, experiential learning, and discussions. Thematic examples of how systems thinking has been leveraged to advance fisheries and freshwater sustainability will be highlighted and focused on throughout the course.

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ESM 296-1W Econometrics  [2 units] Deschenes
Many empirical analyses in biological and environmental applications are based on non-experimental data. The objective of this course is for students to learn the research designs and econometric methods for estimating causal effects with non-experimental data. This will prepare the students for conducting high-quality empirical research, with applications in cross-sectional data and panel data settings. The class will mostly emphasize research designs and identification (relative to statistical techniques) and applications (relative to theoretical proofs). Methods and concepts covered will include: regression adjustment and matching, instrumental variables techniques, regression discontinuity methods, and panel data methods. Each concept will be introduced in class through relevant real-world applications.

Prerequisites: ESM 206
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ESM 296-2W - LAFF Intensive: Economics in Fisheries Management  [2 units] Molina
The objective of this course is to develop a practical understanding of the main concepts of resource economics, their applications to fisheries, and their implementation in real life settings of fisheries management. The course is structured in such a way that the theoretical concepts covered in the classroom will be applied in the context of real-life management challenges. At the end of the course, students should have a clear understanding of (i) the linkages between fisheries biology and the economics incentives from a user’s perspective, (ii) the sources of conflict and inefficiency, and (iii) the methodologies to overcome management challenges.

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ESM 296-3W Advanced Topics: SWM Intensive: Environmental Water Transactions [2 units] Aylward
The Environmental Water Transactions course content includes the theory and practice of using water rights transactions to reallocate existing water rights to environmental purposes. The course will walk students through the background and fundamental steps of designing a water transaction. Students will examine case studies from the Pacific Northwest and other western states as examples of different environmental water transaction techniques.

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ESM 296-4W - Data Visualization  [2 units] Rebich-Hespanha
This course will focus on basic principles for effective communication through data visualization for environmental science and management. Effective visualizations can communicate complex environmental ideas and solutions that can be difficult or inefficient to relay in words. By presenting relevant data in the form of a chart, infographic, or other visualization, environmental scientists and managers can highlight the relevance of empirical evidence in decision-making processes. Students who complete the course will deepen their understanding of how people perceive and interpret graphical representations, and will learn about information visualization frameworks they can apply to design intuitive and impactful data visualizations. Beyond effective visualization design, we will explore ‘storytelling with data’ -- integration of visual elements and text in a way that is clear, concise and engaging. Assignments will involve applying such frameworks and concepts in critique of existing visualizations, and in creation of data visualizations using popular software packages.

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ESM 297 - Advanced Special Topics in Environmental Policy  [1-4 units] 
Advanced, special topics in environmental policy. May be repeated for credit with changes in content.
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ESM 298 - Advanced Special Topics: Eco-E Lab  Fall and Winter only [2 units]  Cotter (Chan)
Advanced, special topics in Eco-Entrepreneurship. May be repeated for credit with changes in content.

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ESM 299  - Advanced Special Topics in Environmental Science  [1 - 4 units]
Advanced, special topics in environmental science. May be repeated for credit with changes in content.

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ESM 401A  - Masters Group Project  [4 units]
1st quarter of a year-long group study of an environmental problem. Includes in-class training sessions to develop skills necessary to efficiently and effectively conduct the study.

Prerequisites: (None)
(Group Project)
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ESM 401B - Masters Group Project  [4 units]
2nd quarter of a year-long group study of an environmental problem.

Prerequisites: (None)
(Group Project)
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ESM 401C - Masters Group Project  [4 units]
3rd quarter of a year-long group study of an environmental problem. Requires completion of a final report, and defense.

Prerequisites: (None)
(Group Project)
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ESM 401D - Masters Group Project  [2 units]
Final quarter of a year-long group study of an environmental problem. Requires completion of a policy brief, poster, and public presentation.

Prerequisites: (None)
(Group Project)
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ESM 402A  - Masters Eco-E Project: New Venture Formation  [4 units] Cotter (Chan)
This course teaches students how to pursue opportunities for new ventures and transform them into real enterprises, focusing on development of viable business models.

Prerequisites: (None)
(Eco-E Project)
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ESM 402B - Masters Eco-E Project  [4 units]
2nd quarter of a year-long team project to develop a new environmental venture.

Prerequisites: (None)
(Eco-E Project)
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ESM 402C - Masters Eco-E Project  [4 units]
3rd quarter of a year-long team project to develop a new environmental venture. Requires completion of a final report and defense.

Prerequisites: (None)
(Eco-E Project)
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ESM 402D - Masters Eco-E Project  [2 units]
Final quarter of a year-long team project to develop a new environmental venture. Requires completion of marketing communication materials and a public presentation.

Prerequisites: (None)
(Eco-E Project)
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ESM 410 - Internship Practicum  [1 unit]
Students complete a summer internship, prepare a short paper, and present internship experiences to the Bren School community through an informal presentation.

Prerequisites: Completion of a summer internship.
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ESM 425 - Workshops in Communication  [0.5 - 1 unit]
Special workshops to help Bren students strengthen communication skills.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 430 - Workshops in Environmental Science & Management  [0.5 - 1 unit]
Workshops to develop professional skills for careers in Environmental Science & Management.
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ESM 430-1WCEQA/NEPA Workshop [1 unit] Willis
This one-day workshop provides a basic understanding of the NEPA and CEQA processes for conducting environmental impact assessment (EIA) and familiarizes students with the differences between NEPA and CEQA.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 430-2W - Social Media and the Environment Workshop [1 unit] Alario
TBA

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ESM 436 - Legal Issues in Environmental Problem Solving  [0.5 - 1 unit]
May be repeated for credit with changes in content. Workshops to expose students to a range of technical and business writing.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 437 - Writing Skills for Environmental Professionals  [2 units]
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ESM 437-1 - Writing Skills for Environmental Professionals  [2 units] Leombruni
This course is designed to help nonnative English speakers improve accuracy and fluency in academic and applied writing in the environmental sciences; it is strongly encouraged for all incoming international students. The course will review writing mechanics and the principles of good scientific and analytical writing, including the importance of thesis, audience, tone, organization and structure, document design, and citations. We will also cover writing styles and formats you’ll likely encounter in your career, such as research and project proposals, evaluations and data summaries, policy analyses, writing for the public, and professional correspondence. Classes will include lectures, discussions, in-class activities, and peer review workshops. 

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 437-2 - Writing Skills for Environmental Professionals  [2 units] Leombruni
This course will provide you the skills to write effectively across academic and applied genres in the environmental sciences. A focus on writing mechanics and the principles of good scientific and analytical writing will help you de-clutter and streamline your work. We’ll review the importance of thesis, audience, tone, organization and structure, document design, and citations. We will also cover writing styles and formats you’ll likely encounter in your career, such as research and project proposals, evaluations and data summaries, policy analyses, writing for the public, and professional correspondence. You will practice “two kinds of thinking” essential to effective writing: free-form and creative brainstorming, followed by critical assessment and revision of your work. Classes will include lectures, discussions, in-class activities, and peer review workshops.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 438 -  Presentation Skills for Environmental Professionals  [4 units] Horst
In this intensive course, students will study, prepare and practice presentation skills with a focus on project defenses, presenting posters and research, and presentations for job interviews. Lectures will focus on clearly and effectively communicating quantitative and qualitative information to specific audiences. Emphases will be on visual presentation (e.g. slide formatting, clear presentation of quantitative information, etc.) and verbal communication (pacing, clarity, volume, tone, etc.), which students will hone during practice presentations and mock question/answer sessions in weekly discussions. Students will have multiple opportunities to practice and receive feedback on presentations for group projects, defenses, professional conferences, and job interviews.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 440 - Strategic Environmental Communication [4 units] Leombruni & Hutton
Successful environmental communication is not just about getting the facts right. Before tackling an issue, it's critical to consider the intended audiences and their values and attitudes--and to use effective storytelling to reach them. To learn to message effectively, students will study the theory behind persuasion and decision-making, including how reason, emotion, and social influence work, and practice writing for a diversity of audiences, including the general public, policymakers, and funders. Students will also learn how to develop compelling stories from good ideas, using conflict, drama, and character, and gain an understanding of the complex media environment in which their messages compete for attention.

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ESM 441-1 - Introduction to Environmental Media Production [2 units] Hanrahan
This course is designed to give students the basic skills needed to conceptualize, capture, edit, and deliver short-form video content with an environmental theme. Industry standards of cinematography, sound, lighting, and digital editing are covered. Through lectures and practical demonstrations of production equipment and techniques, students will gain an introductory understanding of video production.

Prerequisites: ESM 440 or special permission by the instructor
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ESM 441-2 - Environmental Media Production: Film Solutions [2 units] Hanrahan
This course is designed to expand on the skills developed in ESM 441-100 where students conceptualized, captured, edited, and delivered short-form video content and web videos with an environmental theme. 441-200 is your opportunity to continue autonomous production on the project you began in ESM 441-100. Production teams of three or more (already established in ESM 441- 100) will work together to create a polished 3-5 minute film with a theme of ‘environmental solutions.’

Prerequisites: ESM 441-1
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ESM 442 - Grassroots Organizing, Outreach, & Campaigning [4 units] Alario
Reviews the role and effectiveness of grassroots environmental efforts on local, statewide, and national scales. Students will explore organizing strategies and tactics based on various theories of change, addressing topics such as community outreach and collaboration, policy campaigning and more.

Prerequisites: None

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ESM 444 - Writing about the Environment for the Public [2 units] Todd
Explores written genres for scientists to educate and influence public audiences. Students will analyze and practice message/story development with emphasis on interviewing, analyzing and framing environmental issues in news. Students will complete course with media-ready work.

Prerequisites: ESM 440 or special permission by the instructor

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ESM 445 - Social Media and the Environment [2 units] Alario
Students will learn about and use different social media tools to engage and activate social networks to generate environmental awareness and action.

Prerequisites: ESM 440 or special permission by the instructor

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ESM 449 - Environmental Communication Practicum [4 units] Leombruni
This capstone course will give students the opportunity to apply their knowledge and communication skills in a practical setting. Working in teams with diverse skills, students will develop and implement their own information campaign in association with an environmental firm, organization, local or regional government, or other institution. Students may choose to use the environmental issue(s) explored in their Group Project or Eco-Entrepreneurship Project, or another topic.

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ESM 510PhD Seminar - Faculty Research Speaker Series [1 unit] 
Students will learn about interdisciplinary research conducted by Bren School faculty and will be exposed to diverse perspectives about the process of conducting interdisciplinary research. Students will attend research seminars given by four faculty members, read manuscripts or published papers on this research, and have discussions with the faculty members about their approaches to research. Bren PhD students must complete a minimum of 2 quarters of ESM 510 for core requirements, but are encouraged to participate each quarter it is offered.  
*Formerly listed as ESM 595SS

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 512 - PhD Seminar - Conduct & Professional Skills for Interdisciplinary Research  [2 units - in fall quarter]
Combines two interrelated topics: proposal writing and research ethics. Research ethics comprises (1) Plagiarism, falsification and fabrication; (2) conflict of interest; and (3) authorship and peer review process. We will review historical cases of research misconduct and institutional mechanisms at UCSB for prevention of research misconduct. Proposal writing covers relevant funding sources, proposal review processes, strategies, tips and advice. Students will prepare a proposal for a pre-doctoral fellowship, to be evaluated by peers and discussed during class.  
*Formerly listed as ESM595SB

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 514 – Collaborative Interdisciplinary Research [4 units in Winter or Spring]
Students will learn when and how to conduct interdisciplinary collaborative research by working on a multi-authored research paper that engages different disciplinary perspectives. The co-instructors will contribute their expertise in two or more disciplines (science, management, policy, economics, business, law, etc.) to explore a research question in the field of environmental science. Students will learn and practice techniques for comprehensive literature review, data synthesis and analyses, excellent group writing, oral presentation, peer review, and appropriate referencing.
*Formerly listed as ESM595PB

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 538 -  Presentation Skills for Environmental Professionals  [4 units] Horst
In this intensive course, students will study, prepare and practice presentation skills with a focus on project defenses, presenting posters and research, and presentations for job interviews. Lectures will focus on clearly and effectively communicating quantitative and qualitative information to specific audiences. Emphases will be on visual presentation (e.g. slide formatting, clear presentation of quantitative information, etc.) and verbal communication (pacing, clarity, volume, tone, etc.), which students will hone during practice presentations and mock question/answer sessions in weekly discussions. Students will have multiple opportunities to practice and receive feedback on presentations for group projects, defenses, professional conferences, and job interviews.

Prerequisites: PhD standing
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ESM 595A-Z  - Group Studies: MESM/PhD  [1 - 4 units]
Seminars in selected fields of Environmental Science & Management. Open to master and PhD students. May be repeated for credit with changes in content.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 595AA-ZZ  - Group Studies: PhD Level  [1 - 4 units]
Seminars in selected fields of Environmental Science & Management. Open only to PhD students. May be repeated for credit with changes in topic.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 596Directed Readings and Research  [1 - 12 units]  Staff
Independent study under the supervision of a Bren School faculty member (a faculty member from another department cannot supervise an ESM 596 course). Registration requires an ESM 596 Petition approved and signed by the supervising faculty member and the Assistant Dean before the start of the quarter. No petitions will be accepted after the 3rd week of the quarter. The ESM 596 Petition can be found on the Bren School website on the Class Schedule page. Registration in ESM 596 requires an “instructor code” that can be found on the Bren School website under Class Schedule or on GOLD. ESM 596 may be taken for a letter grade or S/U (as agreed upon by the instructor and the student). ESM 596 is a variable unit course; MESM students may apply a maximum of 4 units of ESM 596 towards their MESM degree requirements.

Prerequisites: (None)
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ESM 597 - Individual Study for Ph.D. Examinations  [1 - 12 units]  Staff
Instructor should be students major professor or chair of the doctoral committee. Instructor approval required to finalize enrollment.

Prerequisites: Instructor approval required to finalize enrollment.
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ESM 599 - Ph.D. Dissertation Research and Preparation  [1 - 12 units]  Staff
Instructor should be students major professor or chair of the doctoral committee. Instructor approval required to finalize enrollment.

Prerequisites: (None)
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